India has set its sights on becoming a formidable force in global semiconductor equation, rivalling known destinations like Taiwan and South Korea in next 5 years, Union Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw has said asserting that if and when mindset of global players has changed to an eagerness to invest in the country.

In an interview to PTI, the Minister for IT and Electronics said he is of the firm belief that practically every big player would now like to reconsider their investment plans and come to India, given the carefully-crafted policies here.

India will build on its design capabilities, where the country already has inherent and proven mettle and, notably, nearly one-third of the global talent.

Explained | India’s push for semiconductors

That piece alongside the proposed fab (chip fabrication plant) and the 3 ATMP (assembly and test) units in India now brings together the key elements of semiconductor value chain, effectively, according to him.

“…people who were earlier thinking when should we go to India or should we go to India…now they are asking how soon do we go to India…that is the change which is happening. This means, practically every big player would now like to reconsider their investment plans and come to India,” he said.

Asked about the timelines when India would aim to be a formidable player rivalling known semiconductor destinations, the Minister said, “in the coming 5 years, definitely”.

The comments assume significance as semiconductors are emerging as a new frontier in the geopolitical battleground amid U.S.-China tensions, and India has moved quickly to line up incentives that would position it as an attractive destination for global companies looking at alternatives to expand operations, and for domestic champions to take the plunge into this high-tech arena.

In fact, India’s bold moves to line up enabling policies and sweeteners for semiconductor manufacturing has yielded the first commercial fab proposal.

Also Read | India to emerge as global hub in semiconductor manufacturing: PM Modi

This week, the government approved proposals to set up three semiconductor plants, including a mega fab by Tata Group, at a cumulative investment of ₹1.26 lakh crore, as India moved to position itself as an international powerhouse in chip manufacturing.

“…it is very important for any developing country, an economy of our size, to have a semiconductor supply chain within the country. We have very strong design capabilities, as a corollary of design capabilities we must have the manufacturing capability also because that is where value gets added further,” Mr. Vaishnaw explained.

The semiconductor plans will make India self-reliant, trigger a multiplier effect on economy and various industries, create job and spur livelihoods, according to the Minister.

“The semiconductor industry is a big multiplier for many more industries — automobiles, electric vehicle, electronics, power electronics, defence — every manufacturing sector requires semiconductors. So having that as a semiconductor value chain within the ecosystem will be pull for all of these,” Mr. Vaishnaw said.

As per the announcements, Tata Electronics Pvt Ltd will set up a semiconductor fab in partnership with Taiwan’s Powerchip Semiconductor Manufacturing Corp at Dholera’s special industrial region in Gujarat. The plant will have the capacity to produce 50,000 wafers per month and involve an investment of ₹91,000 crore.

Explained | Mapping India’s chip design ecosystem 

These chips driven by advanced technology will cater to multiple sectors — power management chips for electric vehicles (EV), telecom, defence, automotive, consumer electronics, display, and power electronics.

The government has also approved a proposal by Tatas to build a greenfield semiconductor assembly and test facility in Jagiroad, Assam. The facility will be built with an investment outlay of ₹27,000 crore and is expected to generate over 27,000 direct and indirect jobs in the region.

Notably, this will be India’s first semiconductor unit in the northeast.

Tata Semiconductor Assembly and Test (TSAT) will develop indigenous advanced semiconductor packaging technologies, including flip chip and ISIP (integrated system in package) technologies, with a capacity of 48 million chips per day. The target segments for these would be automotive, electric vehicles, consumer electronics, telecom, and mobile phones, among others.

The third proposal that have received the Cabinet nod is by CG Power, which in partnership with Renesas Electronics Corp and Stars Microelectronics of Thailand, will set up a unit in Sanand in Gujarat at an investment of ₹7,600 crore.

India is looking to woo global and domestic chip makers to establish production base in India with its multi billion dollar ($10 billion) incentive scheme.

Also Read | Semiconductor tech: What exactly is India going to manufacture? 

Sophisticated chips are part of everyday life, used in mobile phones to refrigerators and cars to high-tech industries, and so fostering local industry with carefully-crafted schemes and incentives will link India to an ever-growing, thriving global chip market.

As it is, the global semiconductor shortage in the past has emphasised the importance of this critical component in modern day electronics.

Earlier, computer storage chip maker Micron has announced it will set up its semiconductor assembly and test plant in Gujarat, entailing a total investment of $2.75 billion (around ₹22,540 crore).

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